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Chitwan National Park is the first national park in Nepal. Formerly called Royal Chitwan National Park it was established in 1973 and granted the status of a World Heritage Site in 1984. It covers an area of 932 km2 and is located in the subtropical Inner Terai lowlands of south-central Nepal in the Chitwan district. In altitude it ranges from about 100 metres (330 ft) in the river valleys to 815 metres (2,674 ft) in the Churia Hills.
In the north and west of the protected area the Narayani-Rapti river system forms a natural boundary to human settlements. Adjacent to the east of Chitwan National Park is Parsa Wildlife Reserve, contiguous in the south is the Indian Tiger Reserve Valmiki National Park. The coherent protected area of 2,075 km2 represents the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) Chitwan-Parsa-Valmiki, which covers a 3.549 km2 huge block of alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forests.
Since the end of the 19th century Chitwan - Heart of the Jungle – used to be a favorite hunting ground for Nepal’s ruling class during the winter seasons. Until the 1950s the journey from Kathmandu to Nepal’s South was arduous as the area could only be reached by foot. Thus, in an area known as Four Mile Forest comfortable camps were set up for the feudal big game hunters and their entourage, where they stayed for a couple of months shooting hundreds of tigers, rhinocerosses, leopards and sloth bears.
In 1950 Chitwan’s forest and grasslands extended over more than 2,600 km2 and was home to about 800 rhinos. When poor farmers from the mid-hills moved to the Chitwan Valley in search of arable land, the area was subsequently opened for settlement, and poaching of wildlife became rampant. In 1957 the country's first conservation law inured to the protection of rhinos and their habitat. In 1959 Edward Pritchard Gee undertook a survey of the area, recommended creation of a protected area north of the Rapti river and of a wildlife sanctuary south of the river for a trial period of ten years. After his subsequent survey of Chitwan in 1963, this time for both the Fauna Preservation Society and the International Union for Conservation of Nature, he recommended extension of the sanctuary to the south
However, by the end of the 1960s 70% of Chitwan’s jungles were cleared using DDT, thousands of people had settled there, and only 95 rhinos remained. The dramatic decline of the rhino population and the extent of poaching prompted the government to institute the Gaida Gasti – a rhino reconnaissance patrol of 130 armed men and a network of guard posts all over Chitwan. To prevent the extinction of rhinos the Chitwan National Park was gazetted in December 1970 with borders delineated the following year and established in 1973, initially encompassing an area of 544 km2
In 1977 the park was enlarged to its present area of 932 km2. In 1997 a bufferzone of 766.1 km2 was added to the north and west of the Narayani-Rapti river system, and between the south-eastern boundary of the park and the international border to India.
The park’s headquarter is located in Kasara. Close-by the Gharial and Turtle Conservation Breeding Centres have been established. In 2008 a Vulture breeding centre was inaugurated aiming at holding up to 25 pairs of each of the two Gyps vultures species now critically endangered in Nepal - the Oriental white-backed vulture and the slender-billed vulture
Tour itinerary: 6nights/7days Sightseeing in Kathmandu Valley and Chitwan.
Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu Tribhuwan international airport, Nepal.
I will be on standby air-condition vehicle and displaying your named template at the airport on that day to pick you up and transfer to your hotel then within one hour later, will go to orientation walk to get familiar with your surrounding or sightseeing in Kathamndu valley if possible otherwise, will be rest in your hotel.
Day 02: Full day cultural and historical sightseeing in Kathmandu valley by a.c. vehicle.
Boudanath stupa (one of the biggest Buddhist temple in Nepal), One of the holy place of Pashupatinath temple, Swayambhunath stupa ( monkey temple ), and Hanuman dhoka durbar square (Kathmandu durbar square). Overnight at hotel.
Day 03: Full day cultural and historical sightseeing in Kathmandu valley by a.c vehicle.
Bhaktapur durbar square, Patan durbar square, and One of the oldest Hindu temple of Nepal Changunarayan. Overnight at hotel.
Day 04: Drive to Chitwan National Park approx. 5 hours by private vehicle.
After breakfast at 8:00 a.m. we will drive to Chitwan. It is approximetly 200 kilometers away from Kathmandu. On the zigzag way of mountain areas, we will pass through beautiful landscape, paddy terraces, river, tiny villages, mountain views, small town etc. on the way to Chitwan, we will have drink tea or coffee or lunch then continue our destination. Between 1 to 2 p.m. we will reach to Chitwan and transfer to hotel or resort where you will be offered refreshment and be given a briefing and it`s facilities. After being given your programmes for the day, your room will then be allocated to you. According to the briefing, will start your programmes: 2nights/3 days
TOUR COST PER PERSON ON TWIN SHARING BASIS
|3 star||3+ star||4 star||5 star|
|30+||Contact me||Contact me||Contact me||Contact me|
|Using Hotels And Resort|
|Hotels||3 star||3+ star||4 star||5 star|
" Yellow pagoda.
" Tibet Intl.P.L.
" Royal Singi.
|Park village hotel & resort.
|Hotel Yak & Yati.
Hotel Wildlife Camp.
Jungle Safari Resort.
|Chitwan Forest Resort.
Hotel Seven Star.
|Machan Wildlife Camp.
Island Jungle Resort.
Rhino Residency Resort.
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